عنوان مقاله [English]
The current research has explored the schematic basis of the metaphors in the proverbs of Eastern Guilan within the framework of cognitive semantics, based on Evans and Green’s schematic model (2006). Cultures along with social identities are well reflected in the proverbs and therefore studying proverbs are of focal importance in linguistics. Studying the discursive use of proverbs in a given culture diachronically will reveal their cognitive -and sociological- function. Moreover, image schemas are dynamic patterns in cognitive semantics which are not studied thoroughly in Iranian dialects; in fact there are only few studies on the subject. The present study was designed in a descriptive- analytic manner to study mentioned concepts.Upon the analysis of data, it became apparent that the general types of image schemas provided by Evans and Green such asspace schema, containment schema, locomotion schema, force schema, unity schema, balance schema, identity schema and existence schema could be traced in the proverbs of Eastern Guilan.