نشان‌گرهای زبانی‌ ساخت‌های کذب در فارسی: یک پژوهش زبانی ـ اجتماعی

نوع مقاله: علمی-پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استاد گروه زبان‌شناسی، پژوهشگاه علوم انسانی و مطالعات فرهنگی

2 دانش‌جوی کارشناسی ارشد، پژوهشگاه علوم انسانی و مطالعات فرهنگی

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چکیده

هدف اصلی پژوهش حاضر بررسی و تحلیل ساخت‌های دروغ در زبان فارسی است و در این راستا، به بررسی رابطۀ بین میزان استفاده از «نشان‌گرهای احتیاط»، «نشان‌گرهای نفی»، «کلمات حسی»، «کلمات مجزاگر» و «ضمایر» با کذب جملات پرداخته ‌شده است. این پژوهش با روش توصیفی ـ تحلیلی در یک جامعۀ آماری فارسی‌زبان شامل 28 نفر مرد و زن و در دو گروه سنی به انجام رسیده و برای نشان دادن معناداری ارقام از آزمون‌های ضریب همبستگی پیرسون و تی استفاده ‌شده است. نتایج این پژوهش نشان می‌دهد که بین میزان استفاده از «نشان‌گرهای احتیاط» و «کلمات مجزاگر» با کذب جملات رابطه‌ای معکوس و معنادار برقرار است، بدین سان که هر چه میزان استفاده از «نشان‌گرهای احتیاط» و «کلمات مجزاگر» در جملات بیش‌تر باشد، احتمال کذب جملات کاهش می‌یابد. از سوی دیگر، بین میزان استفاده از «نشان‌گرهای نفی»، «کلمات حسی» و «ضمایر» با کذب جملات رابطه‌ای مستقیم و معنادار برقرار است؛ بدین معنا که هر چه میزان استفاده از «نشان‌گرهای نفی»، «کلمات حسی» و «ضمایر» در جملات بیش‌تر باشد، احتمال کذب جملات نیز افزایش می‌یابد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Lying Structures in Persian Language as a Socio-Lingual Behavior

نویسندگان [English]

  • Yahya Modarresi 1
  • Neda Asadi 2
1 Linguistics Professor, IHCS
2 M.A in Linguistics, IHCS
چکیده [English]

People lie in their everyday life, and this is a deniable fact. Like any other language, Persian has true and false structures. This research aims to study and analyze lying structures in Persian language. For this purpose, the relation of the application rate of “caution markers”, “negation markers”, “emotional words and verbs”, “exclusive words” and “pronouns” with the falsehood of sentences is studied. For this purpose, a descriptive-analytical research design has been employed, and a sample of 28 male and female Persian-speaking individuals has been taken from the statistical population. To study the significance of the relation, Pearson correlation coefficient (PCC) and T-test have been applied.
The results of this research show that there is a reverse and significant relation between the use of caution markers, and exclusive words and the falsehood of sentences. That is, the more the number of caution markers, and exclusive words in a sentence is, the probability of the falsehood of that sentence is decreased. However, the relation of the negation markers, sense words and verbs, and pronouns with the falsehood of the sentences is direct and of significance. That is, the increase in the use of negation markers, sense verbs and words, as well as pronouns in a sentence increases its falsehood.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • caution markers
  • emotional verbs and words
  • exclusive words
  • false sentences
  • pronouns
  • negation markers
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