عنوان مقاله [English]
One of the rhetorical features of language in writing and speaking is the emphasis on speech. Emphasis occurs in different ways. Nominal groups are one of the tools of emphasis that have received less attention so far. Focus groups in this article are groups in which either the word is made up of repeated phoneme or the word is made up of two or more morphemes or repeated words, or the contents of the group are combined or turned in a way that convey emphasis. Focus groups are accompanied by proportional nouns, synonymous nouns and adjectives, contrasting nouns and adjectives, proportional verbs, and words with musical proportions. This research through providing a list of samples consisting of 1,500 nominal groups, has analyzed their structure, features, origin and function and classified them into different categories. These groups are used for different purposes including creating new meanings, secondary meanings, metaphorical and figurative, expanding meaning, inclusion, circumlocution, brevity; however, it’s most important function is emphasis. Such as emphasizing on the importance of something; feelings and emotions, distance, quantity and quality and intensity.
افراشی، آزیتا (1395)، مبانی معناشناسی شناختی، چاپ اول، تهران: پژوهشگاه علوم انسانی و مطالعات فرهنگی.