نوع مقاله : علمی-پژوهشی
استادیار دانشگاه فرهنگیان لرستان
عنوان مقاله [English]
In the present research, the concept of alienable possession in Persian language is investigated within the Natural Semantic Metalanguage (NSM) framework. In this theory, the only semantic prime related to the concept of possession is ‘(IS) MINE’, which is claimed to be the basis of all linguistic expressions related to the concept of possession. The purpose of the research is to test the correctness of this claim in Persian language by examining linguistic expressions related to alienable possession. The results of the research show that the possessive expressions with the structure ‘mɑl-e X (ʔæst)’ (such as ‘mɑl-e kæsi/ʃomɑ/Rezɑ ʔæst’) are all derived from the semantic prime ‘mɑl-e mæn (ʔæst)’ and the phrasal possessive construction ‘X-e Y’ (such as ‘ketɑb-e Mæhʃid’) can be described based on this prime. Also, after examining the possessive verbs ‘dɑdæn’, ‘dɑʃtæn’ and ‘dozdidæn’ which are related to alienable possession, it was found that these verbs can be described using the semantic prime ‘mɑl-e mæn (ʔæst)’ too. Therefore, this semantic prime plays a key role in expressing the concept of alienable possession in Persian.