عنوان مقاله [English]
Any scientific study about the process of the development of Persian poetry requires the consideration of ancient literary history of Iran, including the existing works from middle era. Among them, Ayādgār-i Zarīrān, due to its poetic and epic characteristics, is a unique source of information. Ayādgār-i Zarīrānis a middle Persian text of ancient Iranian epic poetry and is a valuable remnant of the Parthian heritage that reveals the properties of the Iranian poetics in that era. Comparing it with post-Islamic Persian poetry, especially Shahnameh, will indicate the similarity of some literary and rhetorical features between two eras. Literary techniques and devices, used in Ayādgār-i Zarīrān, originally belong to the pre-Islamic oral literature that could also be traced in later periods. The paper was aimed to indicate the similarities between Shahnameh and Ayādgār-i Zarīrān, by the help of narratology, epithet and literary properties such as hyperbole and repetition. In addition, the imagery of the poem including simile, metaphor and circumlocution has also been studied.